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The square shape around the seriffed letter T is formed out of interlacing ribbons with terminal foliation of acanthus leaves and pomegranate buds. The decoration is created in thin black lines, leaving the letters, vines, and leaves white. It appears to be a wood engraving.

THIS is the whole story, though it range over
no more than a few months. The first forty
odd years of this life are pure preliminary,
obscurely and fatally composed, to the pas-
sage which marches nobly and passionately
to an ecstatic end. Until this ecstasy broke
across its decline, the heroine’s life had so
little to be revealed, even through the medium
                                                    of most powerful lenses! She had lived her
life in a neglected mode; to her, sentiment of life was only supplemented
by knowledge of life, never supplanted by it. Like children, she derived
support from accepting things as they are; trees which she had always
remembered were to her as enduring as the sky; a fallen tree was
something tragic. When she was a child, during the night of a terrible
storm, a young man had been struck blind by lightning, and four old
trees had been blown down. The blind man still desolated to her ear a
certain stone passage with his ‘Buy of the blind!’ and she still called
the two remaining elms the Seven Sisters. Here she had a group of
impressions: on the one hand she was acquainted with the long-past
facts, like anybody else of her age; on the other hand she had a senti-
ment of the thing, not fantastic, nor in any way connected with fear of
lightning, in which it was at once ordinary and extraordinary. The
government of the country, the queen, the town council, to her senti-
ment were like facts of nature; while her intelligence knew well enough
why the sovereign reigns, that there might have been another sovereign
or no sovereign, whence the members of Parliament and the Cabinet
come, and the different applications of revenue and parochial taxes. So
also with, say, printed books and pictures. The author writes, the
printer prints, the binder binds; but in that part of her where lay the
undefined, but undisputed, convictions, a book as a determined object
had an authority beyond any combination of the elements which pro-
duce it. In like manner a certain engraving she possessed of one of the
Martin biblical subjects, while it filled her with awe and admiration,
had no value as a product of human invention, skill, and patience; the
feeblest pencil drawing of a flower stood for more on this footing;
perfect knowledge that the engraving was the result of thousands of
dexterous scratches made no difference; even if she had seen the
engraver bending over the plate with his goggle and gravers, she would
not have connected his work permanently with a picture which had


hung in the same place time out of memory. May this insistence upon
the lifelong rivalry of simple heart and simple brain tend to indulgent
appreciation of the heroine’s conception of God, comparable to her
sentimental notion of any settled fact; for though at this grave point
her attitude approached that of most uneducated people, in her case it
was in no way answerable to neglect or laziness.

    Her husband was a smith; his daily work had been at the same
factory ever since their marriage; his weekly wages had varied only
within familiar limits. These conditions, in conjunction with her
husband’s meek disposition, would have secured the evenness of her
married life, apart from her sanguine fatalism. The smith went to his
work at an early hour of the morning. His dressing was finished com-
pletely in the bedroom, even to his top hat. Before starting he took a
cup of coffee, which in summer was prepared by his wife, in winter by
himself. When the smell of the pipe he lighted in the doorway reached
her nostrils, his wife got up. This had been the strange signal all the
time, which she had never happened to mention to him. She only heard
him leave the house on days when he was a little poorly or the weather
was bad, when she was fully awake and listening; for, with an oiled
lock, and by holding the knocker with one hand, he left with scarcely
perceptible noise.

    Until she took her breakfast she busied herself heartily with rougher
work; after breakfast the bedroom was set in order, as also the part of
the house through which her husband passed when he returned, from
the door-handle to the kitchen stove. Next she prepared dinner, and
while this was cooking she made her first toilette, rather tidying of her
person. The smith came in at a quarter-past one, ate in silence for
half an hour, and went away. After dinner her house work for the day
was soon finished ; she made her real toilette, and settled to needle
work or reading, or went out. At a quarter-past six tea was eaten in
the sitting-room, where husband and wife passed the evening until
supper, for which meal they went to the kitchen again. Then the smith
smoked his pipe, drowsed, his wife prepared his breakfast for the morrow,
and the house was shut up for the night.

    This was the outline of a typical ordinary day, as days had passed
for twenty years. Sunday showed an important variation; it differed
from the week-day in every one of its outward details.

    On Sunday they rose later, breakfasted later; not only was break-
fast different in character, but different plates, cups, and forks were
used. The smith was pompous, reflective, in broadcloth and clean


shirt, in the wearing of his oiled hair and embellishments struggling to
realise the daguerreotype portrait of himself young. His wife also was
contained, formal. The pair preserved on Sunday the attitude of
courting days, stripped of tenderness. The smith left the house first,
making for the distant Lemon Street Baptist Chapel. Another chapel
of the same body was very much nearer, quite close in fact, in the
opposite direction; he was a ‘steward’ of the chapel which took tithes
of all his being. When he was gone (he banged the street-door on
Sunday) his wife cleared breakfast away, as sedately as if her husband
were still present; then she went to the poorer but more aristocratic
Bible Christian Chapel in Chapel Street, also very distant from the
house, but the only colony of the sect in the town. Returning, she had
reached home, and put the potatoes to simmer, before the smith reap-
peared; he stopped to gad on the way home; you could see it in the
grimace of recognition, which his wrinkles were slow to relinquish.

    After dinner the husband went again to his chapel; while his wife
first did what was absolutely necessary to be done in the house, then
read a little, then laid tea long before the time. (Almost every Sunday
some one came to tea.) Lastly, with folded hands, she chaffered for her
husband’s return; real yearning for his presence possessed her. At tea,
if strangers were present, the pair called each other Mrs. and Mr. Smith.

    The Sunday evening was a notable weekly event with them; it
offered so much strictly ordered variety. In their religious world, by a
rough delimitation, the morning is applied to worship, the afternoon to
the instruction of children, while the evening is a forlorn crumb for the
need of the whole world outside the particular sect. (Sometimes a
week-day evening is given up to projects of enlightenment of Parsees,
Tierra del Fuegians, Buddhist monks— heathen generally.) But that
crumb, the Sunday evening service, gritty enough to the damned, is
sweet in the tooth of the judges. In the morning man speaks to God;
in the evening God, richly commented, to express it cautiously speaks
to man.

    The smith’s wife adored the Sunday evening service, partly from
habit and training, partly in a childlike way; for it was narrative,
anecdotal, variable. In addition it meant the occasional company of
her husband. Every third Sunday evening he was free, and the two
went together where they liked; on one of the two intervening Sundays
they went to the husband’s chapel and came back together, almost
always much edified, in a mechanical way, by the warnings to the
wicked which they had heard.


    On a certain Sunday when the wife, in the order of things, was
spending the evening alone, her husband said to her suddenly, not as
usual, ‘Where are you going this evening?’ but:

    ‘Why don’t you go to . . .’

    ‘Newbury Park?’ A voice inside her finished the sentence. It
was very distinct, and, strangely, the reverberation seemed to come
from her chest rather than from her head. The husband’s question was:

    ‘Why don’t you go to Winter Street?’ They called all the chapels
by familiar names, like ‘the iron chapel,’ or by the name of a street.

    ‘I was thinking of going to Newbury Park.’

    ‘It is so far,’ he persisted; ‘why don’t you go to Winter Street?
Captain Stocker (an inspired engineer officer with no chin) is going to
preach. You like him . . .’

    ‘I am inclined to go to Newbury Park.’ He did not answer, and
she repeated:

    ‘I want to go to Newbury Park.’ She was ashamed to explain her
choice more narrowly.

    ‘Oh, very well.’ They could get no nearer to a quarrel on such a
subject, and to Newbury Park she went.

    Not at all easy in her mind though. It was a dismal night, and the
distance was so great. And then to have had words with her husband
on a Sunday evening. Fatigued, and almost tearful, she came into the
hot room she thought of as Newbury Park. Preliminaries of consecra-
tion of the proceedings past, the speaker, standing behind a little
rostrum with his hands behind him, said, ‘Verily, verily, I say unto
thee: Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.’

    She knew these words just as well as the ‘Our Father’ or ‘There is a
green hill.’ . . . She had heard sermons, discourses, upon them beyond
recollection. At another time she would have nodded the cadences of
the phrase, her lips anticipating each word. Now the words loomed
great and unfamiliar, as if memory or hearing were out of focus; in a
darkness, the negation of a stunning light, which yet seemed near. She
saw the speaker grasp the front of the rostrum with both hands, stretch
his arms stiff; she heard him repeat:

    ‘Our Lord speaks: Verily, verily; truth of truth, unanswerable
absolute truth; He says, I say unto you! He raised his right hand
and dropped a threatening index, as a bravo might a revolver, straight
at her. ‘Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of

    A ray fell from distant heaven. Alighting in her, it exploded her


soul into radiant, conscious being. In an instant, before the speaker had
punctuated the sentence, so to speak, herself and the visible and invisible
world were created anew. The flood was overpowering; a thousand
biblical reminiscences; the creation of the world, sacrifices, voices and
fire from heaven, whole psalms with every word and letter distinct in
idea, were present in a flash. She was afraid and consoled at once.
With the desire to scream came the comfortable words: I am here.
She had seen women swoon, have hysterics, in chapel. It had never
happened to herself. There was no danger now; the body had no time
to exclaim as it went down under the victory of spirit. Panorama
veiled panorama with incredible rapidity, and side issues came and went
too at the same time, scraps of conversation years and years ago, visions
of streets, forgotten faces, trivial occasions and incidents; a great
deduction emanating all the time, the life of our Lord in minute detail,
from babyhood with all its incidents (of which she had no practical
knowledge) to the terrors of Calvary. Not stopping here, for the new
creature she was for the moment knew no fear or hesitation; she
followed His being boldly from the lips of His wounded, tortured body
to the ecstatic arms of His Father.

    Such was the preliminary trial of the course she had now to run.

    She began immediately to foot the glorious path. She began to
pray; but her prayer had no words, no known aim; she prayed for
things she had never heard of, and in a language she did not know.
The light she threw round her gave visible objects an unaccustomed,
alluring interest: a sin at the first step, which was followed instantly by
forgiveness and reconciliation. The Light within her was the object,
the object of objects.

    The Light said, in words of music and light, ‘He giveth His beloved
sleep,’ and a veil was drawn across the ecstasy.

    When she reached home she had not the faintest excuse to make
any confidence to her husband of what had taken place. Indeed, how
could she possibly communicate it? She had no terms in which to
express the new birth even to herself.

    The Monday morning rose as pale as any other. There seemed no
prospect of a return of the ecstasy. The repetition of the words which
had induced it was unavailing. Only the universe was still rational to
her, as in the moment of revelation; it stood no longer simply a fact,
dull, uniform, unexplained; the living parts of it were very much alive,
the dead not worth a thought. And the Lord of Life lived in her; she
knew that; there could be no mistake about that.


    She began to pray; a long communion with the Light by faith; for
it was not evident. But now her prayer was in mortal phrases of human
speech, a tempestuous, chaotic prayer, though with no movement of
the lips, no activity of the brain; it throbbed, as before, from her chest.
It was a long narrative, with supposed rejoinders, interruptions. It
often repeated itself; it was full of cross purposes. Some parts of it
were in a lower tone, parts so low as to be next to silence; at last, in a
dead hush, the request escaped her: ‘Speak to me.’ Then a full swell
ensued, gigantic soliloquy, in a small degree comparable to incidents of
the great interview, a half memory that, in the mystic prayer, the soul
to soul speech, a desperate entreaty had been made; that she might
know the bliss of faith, never again receive revelation or smallest
encouragement; that she might live like Him, die like Him, forsaken
by Him, with no sight of His face, no sound of His voice. Had He
put in her heart a prayer so exalted? She knew, with angelic percep-
tion, how great this prayer was. She framed such a prayer instantly;
she knew that He looked for courage in her: ‘Try me, test me, give me
suffering, neglect me; give me grace to love in absence, for present,
how could I do else?’

    She shook through all her body like some one awakened from sleep,
saw the visible objects of the kitchen, the work which engaged her
hands; she found, with a light surprise, that she had been busy all the

    The dinner was excellent. The smith almost overstayed the
twenty-five minutes he had; his wife was so cheerful, so smiling, so
clean personally. He took for granted, as well he might, that this
was a favourable combination of ordinary circumstances. Not at all;
it was an ordinary aspect of a new order of things. Those who know
even a little of heaven usually know a great deal about earth; and
here was no exception. To see the world with washed eyes, everyday
matters and objects, to distinguish their classes, means to handle the
matter which concerns one with dignity and discretion.

    This woman had been, let us say, from the point of view of a high
standard, fairly cheerful, demure, restful to the working man, who was
nearly always tired when he saw her. But why should duty to a
husband in this sense depend upon accidents of nature and circum-
stances ? She put and answered this question. Also in the preparation
of food and the cleansing of crockery and accessories. Intention can
add something to perfect mechanical execution. An utensil cleansed
in the highest name must be abundantly clean, lavishly brilliant. To


scour potatoes as though they were all alike and little different from
other roots, to leave them in hot water so long, steam them so long,
and then fling them at the eater ; slaves for slaves might act thus.
Coming to conclusions such as these under the image of incensing the
Divine, who Himself swung the censer, an unlearned woman, who had
handled very few books in her life, was primed to confound many a doctor.

    For something more than two weeks a state of being showed little
variation from one day to another. Exalted faith in the Divine Presence
hourly renewed, either at the occasion of reconciliation after slips,
neglects, moments in which something stood before the Light; or by
simple, formal pact. She agreed to ask nothing but at the Divine
dictation, to expect nothing, not to be inquisitive or impatient; above
all, to keep the union a secret, to hold infinite stability as jealously as
though it were a bubble. So, while every day changed from point to
point like the colours of an opal, an infinity of differently coloured
sparks, though storm and hush succeeded, contrition and ecstasy, before
his very eyes, the smith saw not the weakest ripple in his wife’s placid
and perfect demeanour.

    To return a moment to her everyday conduct of life, she was
scrupulous to dress, to keep herself, as the warden of an idea, as the
shell in which it lay active and sleepless, hidden.

    One morning the interminable conversation had dropped to an even
mildness; the answers to her whispered confidences seemed to grow
faint—almost inaudible. An alarm came upon her, and under the
strange condition, in the language she did not know. It would not be
beaten away. Calm retreated into the depths of a distance such as she
had never before beheld, and a rough voice bellowed through all the

    ‘Halt!’ She held her breath, firm amidst immensity of loneliness
unknown to sand, or sea, or sky.

    Doubt! added the voice, with long-drawn insistence; and a hail
of questions rushed vertical upon her, driving her down, down. What
was she? whence? who? where were her titles? The Light she housed,
what was it? it? it? Why it? What was its form? Was it a person?
What person? Did it really speak? Did it speak truth? Descent
must be arrested before she could answer, but that was impossible, till
faith spread arms beneath her, and in seas of down and spice, in a
world of light fluttering into song hushed at the moment of utterance,
all her being melted into those conditions, and the familiar voice said
with unfamiliar tenderness, ‘My Beloved is mine, and I am His.’


    ‘No, no, she cried, I am afraid.’ The sound of her voice brought
her within the narrow walls of the kitchen with a jar. She sat down
and wept for a long time without thought.

    The paroxysm coincided with the smith’s return to dinner. His
wife stared at the clock until her face was as candid as its own, and
the key sounded in the latch. She had a severe cold at this time,
hence her husband took little heed of her swollen appearance. He,
for his part, was sullen, unsympathetic. The perfection of material
surroundings had begun to prey upon him. His ideal of life was of a
balance of give and take; he knew so well in his work how a good job
foreshadows a bad; and while he relished new comfort, he already
smarted under a deprivation. Ah, man, man; the lentils of captivity
were sweet in his memory at the table of joy!

    He finished his dinner and went away, but the darkness of his
presence remained behind, filling all the part of the house through
which he had passed. She cleared the meal. The platters returned
noiselessly to the dresser, brighter than they had left it. ‘Give me
sorrow,’ she prayed; ‘give me desertion, longing. Ah, I have longing;
I long, I long. She went to the bedroom, dressed herself, came down,
and went out. She took no note of the direction: the invisible Guide
had all the care of that. Her way lay across the adjoining heath; then
by a turn she retraced her steps. Her eye rested here and there on
scrub and struggling growth, always in the name with which every leaf
was signed. It came into her fancy that she would like to see the sea
which He had made. Instantly, like a child to be humoured, she saw
the great expanse of the water with noble vision, shoreward and sea-
ward at once, and the delicate contact of its rim with the fringe of the
sky. Then, changing a little, the horizon was more distant; it seemed
the same sea, but there was so much more of it; it was the face of waters
clinging to the confines of a larger planet. The stars too, for these
appeared, fell into unusual patterns. Occupied with the vision, she
gradually descended into the town. She went on, absorbed in her
prayer, crestfallen and timid, delighted to take a low place before Him ;
when she turned her head, as though she had heard her name, and saw
in a stationer s window the words emblazoned: ‘Except a man be born
again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.’ The sight of the words
certainly awoke a profusion of memories; not so many but that she
noted clearly the position of the card, the manner in which it was
entrenched among piles of book backs. The card reminded her that
she wished to buy something of the linendraper a few shops on. It is


difficult to see how it should have reminded her, unless it was the
denial of the wish to buy this card. How can you hang up your birth?
or whilst you live in it, why should you write up in your room the
information that you were once born?

    For some time communion, though tender, delicious, uninterrupted,
took place on a lower level. It was the expression on her part of deep
contrition; ever a new wound meekly, weakly, presented for healing.
With the consciousness that the subject was less exalted than sometimes,
there was no notion in her mind of comparison, for deepest anguish
was ecstasy beyond thought. The very vagueness of her attitude was
soothing, a reward, delight that she was permitted to know the divine
union by faith. On a certain night she dreamed (it is fit to state that
she never dreamed of the Divine Lover, and little at any time). She
dreamed that she arrived in a square in a large town. A garden was
in the midst of it, and it was inclosed by large, gaudy buildings lighted
up, though it was day. She made her way to one corner of the square
where there was a book shop, over which was a poem written in gold
letters. The poem had eight lines; four which rhymed correctly, and
in continuation four others, not rhymed, which seemed to dwindle away.
In her dream this had a deep meaning, but she only retained the
concluding words:
… it was a wondrous thing
To be so loved.
In the window of the shop was the card she had seen in the stationer’s
window, bearing the words, ‘Except a man’ … at least so she took
for granted, for she did not distinguish them. Turning round she saw
that the square had an Oriental aspect; then the dream became stupid,
then unpleasant; a pungent smell pervaded it. She woke suddenly to
the fact that it was tobacco; she heard the soft click of the street door.
Running over the circumstances of the vivid dream, she had the
staunchness to reject it as of no consequence. She looked upon the
time it took to examine it as time wasted, and turned joyfully to
address Him who never sleeps. It was He who began:

    ‘If I should not be who you think I am, would you love Me?’

    ‘That I would,’ she answered fervently and without hesitation.

    ‘And if you make a mistake, and were to be damned?’

    ‘I should still be grateful.’

    ‘You do not know.’

    ‘You have given me knowledge above all knowledge.’ And the
silent utterance of her soul grew voluble, universal, a torrent of reckless


thanks and prayer. Thanks for what she had never possessed, prayers
for what she already enjoyed. She offered thanks for her existence,
that she was her very self, that she was a woman. The Lord had been
born of a woman. She could understand a little what it must have
been to be the holy mother of God. This notion was very new to her,
quite new, but that caused her no surprise, for everything was new.

    There was a peculiar bliss in the thought. She came to it again
and again. When she had pursued it to the end of one set of con-
siderations it returned afresh and afresh. The morning passed with
astounding rapidity—the contrary phenomenon was commoner—but
nothing was belated. The dinner was as punctually served to the minute
as though she had watched the clock anxiously all the time.

    The habit of divine communication had long since become continual.
She was able to maintain it through the most complicated demands
upon her attention. Her ordinary life presented few alterations to
view, her ordinary manner, her ordinary appearance. A greater solici-
tude might have been noted. Her clothing was really very different
from what it had been, but the changes were so dexterous as to be
scarcely perceptible. It cannot be denied, too, that as soon as the
traces of dinner had been removed she hastened to put on the best
clothes she allowed herself to wear on a weekday.

    It had become necessary that she should go to a London shop, one
of those warehouses where everything is to be bought. This periodical
visit was always made in the same way. She hurried off immediately
after dinner. From Charing Cross, which she reached by rail, she
walked across Charing Cross Road and Leicester Square to Piccadilly
Circus, whence she took an omnibus to her destination. Her shopping
over, she came back by a different omnibus to the railway station. On
the present occasion she laughed to recognise in Leicester Square the
scene of her dream, in the Alhambra Theatre the Oriental colouring of
it. Sure enough, too, in the north-west corner of it, was the book-shop,
but the name of the proprietor stood where the poem had been cramped
in her dream. In the window, by a coincidence, a white card was
visible in exactly the position which the text had occupied. Rejection
of the dream gave way to this extent, that she crossed the road to find
out what it was. The back and side of a book were exposed, and before
it was a written label: ‘Just published: The Excellent Way,’ and some
further particulars. She wanted the book, though the idea was pre-
posterous; she had never in her life paid even two shillings for a book;
this one surely cost more. There was no time for dallying; her errand


pressed. She went into the shop, and the book lay dazzling on the
dark counter before her. The shopman, amused at her stiyness, her
unwillingness to touch it, exposed the back, the sides, opened at the
title-page. She saw there was a picture. The desire to possess the
book grew. The shopman dropped the leaves casually through his
fingers. She saw the words: ‘Lord, if thou art not present.’ . . . ‘Ten-
and-six, said the man; ‘it is beautifully printed, beautifully got up.’
She thought that did not prove much, but she repeated with alarm:
Ten-and-six! The leaves splashed over each other. Seeing again the
words she had seen before, she hurriedly closed, gave gold and silver
for brown paper, string, and a possibility. In the omnibus she opened
the parcel and peeped into the book.

    Popery! and she wrapped it up again as well as she could.

    At the store, in the tea-room where she went, according to her
custom, to get breath and take a little refreshment, she could not resist
taking another look at the book she carried. This time she patiently
sought out the poem which had first arrested her eye.
Lord, if thou art not present, where shall I
Seek thee the absent . . .
It was very disheartening; it did not speak to her at all. She could
not find words in which to reproach herself with her folly. After a few
moments of such reflection, ill at ease with her conclusion, she took yet
another dip and alighted on a page where a sonnet began:
Before myself I tremble, all my members quake
When lips and nose I mark, and both the hollow caves . . .
It was hopeless; she shut the book resolutely with the sudden deter-
mination to return it. With this intention she took her departure and
hurried to the book-shop, which, when she reached it, was closed.

    The train had little comfort for her. Only when she was some
few minutes on the road did she remember that the loved communion
had been interrupted just as long as this unfortunate book had been in
her possession. She hastened to repair the deprivation; and though
her wish did not remain entirely without response, the book beside her
was a drag by its presence. She had thoughts at one moment of
throwing it out of the window.

    Reaching home, the book had to be smuggled into the house. The
difficulty of this accomplishment, not to mention the danger, was
something very like a blow to the poor owner. There was no possible
question as to whether her husband could be let see it or not;
accordingly it was necessary to enter the house quickly and noiselessly’,
to deposit the book nimbly upon one of the dark stairs while she went


into the sitting-room to give an account of her journey and soothe
the anger of the smith, which she could count upon—anger at her
forced absence, though it was surely as much upon his account as upon
her own ; then she must snatch the packet dexterously as she went up
to take off her coat and bonnet, and hide it effectually before she could
be followed. It had to be done and she did it. She was very weak
next morning through lying awake devouring her tears.

    To allay the agony of her doubt, the difficulty of return to the
divine communion, her first determination was to put the book out of
sight and leave it there. This turned out so little satisfactory as a salve
that she changed tactic, and, withdrawing it from its lurking-place, she
cut the leaves and began to read it straight through, disregarding the
shocks to her accustomed beliefs which occurred ten times on every
page. Her determination was so strong still when she had penetrated
a few pages that she found herself spelling out the name of she did
not know whom: Blessed Jacopone da Todi, not skipping this, to her,
unnecessary preliminary to the perusal of the poem following it, which
answered her unconscious glance with better promise than any of the
preceding had vouchsafed. Ah! dear Lord, Light in dark places
indeed. The first line she read set all her doubts at rest. Joy filled all
her being, she did not know why; but such was the perfection of joy
to her, when she could not trace it to any earthly origin. She could
not have declared that she understood fifty per cent, of the words under
her eye, but she was sure in the awakened part of her that here was
something for her. What did she care now about the origin of the
book, for what petty or even wicked purpose it might have been put
together? She knew enough to be certain that He uses all things, all
means, for His good pleasure. Until she could look into His face,
follow with her own eyes the moving lines of His lips as they move in
speech, she must be content to hear His voice where it is to be heard.
O Love, all love above !
Why hast thou struck me so ?
All mv heart broke atwo,
Consumed with flames of love,
Burning and flaming cannot find solace;
It cannot fly from torment, being bound;
Like wax amid live coal it melts apace.
It languishes alive, no help being found.
And so forth. The words had no special reference to her own condition
at the time, probably none at all; yet such was the force of this
unlooked-for revelation, she knew once for all and at the first glance


that these words were meant for her. Even had she been told that
Blessed Jacopone was a minor brother, and had she been told at the
same time what a minor brother was, it would have made no difference
to her. From the afternoon when she was made free of the ancient
Italian poem, the father of so much of the best that has followed it, she
gave it her attention until she knew it all by heart, and could again
put away the book containing it, for she cut no more pages.

    With no more power to define a symbol than a baby, she knew very
well from the outset, and practically, that all visible nature, and more
especially the Word of God (that is the Bible) are intelligible only in
the manner of symbol; that all appearances, all divine utterances,
portray something beyond, which in turn is the emblem of some
remoter truth—reality. She was fully convinced that the various
recorded and unrecorded acts of Christ, the incidents of the life He
passed on earth, are continually re-enacted for the furtherance of His
kingdom, and the nourishment of the souls of His. This belief,
perhaps it is proper to add, was held only on the authority of Christ ;
it had no further support. She knew that the way of illumination has
either to be trod without fear or left alone. There must be courage to
meet and face Apollyon, but how much more courage does it need to
listen to the voice of the Beloved!

    Let it then be stated categorically (where the smith’s wife had been
convinced in one point of time) that she had not shunned a conclusion
which had been forced upon her: Christ had once been born of woman
miraculously; that momentous event had had its direct value, the
physical redemption of man and fallen nature; but beyond this was
there not something else? It is a matter of vulgar knowledge that the
great sacrifice is infinitely more far-reaching in its effect. As our Lord
then was born of His mortal mother in mortal flesh, so is He conceived
mystically in every one of His chosen, and born spiritually, but not less
truly. The act too is reciprocal, and the ramifications of the mystery
extend no doubt till limitless space is filled with the glory of God.

    On an afternoon, at the accustomed hour, the smith reached his
house, and hearing no sound to indicate the presence of his wife within
doors, walked into the sitting-room to verify her absence. She was
sitting in the usual chair, with her head bowed and her hands crossed
in a strange attitude upon her breast. He asked her what she was
doing, but all the answer he received was a deprecating wave of her
hand. He placed himself before her, intercepting the light of the
window, and there stood stock still. Presently she lifted her hands


with the palms towards him, and then stooped the whole upper part
of her frame until her forehead almost touched her knees. Raising her
face then, her lips, which were very white, moved rapidly without
sound, presently breaking into cadences :
Against me let no blame henceforth be held
If such a love confoundeth all my wit
She brushed her hands across her eyes, shook her head, and smiled
recognition to her husband.

    The following day their doctor called in the afternoon, quite
accidentally. He explained his visit as accident, adding some pro-
fessional jest. He stayed almost an hour, and then, a strange request,
asked fqr some tea. The smith’s wife, quietly flattered, prepared a cup
of tea, and they resumed their conversation. The doctor snatched
greedily at any seeming opportunity of talking upon religious subjects;
but she would not be enticed, and at length he went away. When the
smith returned, his wife told him of the visit; he affected surprise,
though he had just seen the doctor, and heard from him the following
opinion on the health of his wife: ‘Take care of your wife, you will not
have hei much longer; I cannot discover anything wrong with her!’

    There was a great peace over life for a day or two, a rest from
ecstasy as sweet or sweeter. Then, sweeter yet, suddenly the renewal,
the ‘light without pause or bound,’ of the poem. To light the world
trom one s own body, to bear the Light within one, to be the genetrix
it surpassed reason.
Not iron nor the fire can separate
Or sunder those whom love doth so unite;
Not suffering nor death can reach the state
> To which my soul is ravished; from its height
Beneath it, lo! it sees all things create;
It dominates the range of dimmest sight . . .
She gave way completely to the fact. The conviction that she truly
bore within her her august Familiar was so profound that she grew to
the pain of regret that the course of nature must obtain, and that, the
day and hour accomplished, she must part with the mystical burden
and enter into a new relationship. So jealous did she become that a
notion one would think she could not escape did not enter her thought;
that, namely, of comparing her legal husband to Saint Joseph. The
truth is that her grasp of the existing situation was on a very high
level of mystery. As to her part in it, she held it almost as a person
without sex, the necessary condition of her entering it once overpast.
Transformed in Him, almost the very Christ;
One with her God, she is almost divine;


Riches above all riches to be priced,
All that is Christ’s is hers, and she is queen.
How can I still be sad, despair-enticed,
Or ask for medicine to cure my spleen?
The fetid sweet from sin,
With sweetness overspread,
The old forgot and dead
In the new reign of Love.

    The tone of complaint in the poem of Jacopone, though it had no
meaning in her experience, did not raise the smallest question in her.
She knew the treasure of sense within the terms employed. The joy
was so intense that it seemed to her quite natural that another should
express it, or try to express it, in the language of pain and dismay.
In her prayers she was just as likely to pour out volumes of expostu-
lation and injury, frantic and unseemly tenderness, sheer incoherency.
In one passage the poem runs:
Thou canst not shield Thyself from love, love brought
Thee captive by the road from heaven to earth;
Love brought Thee down to lowness, to be naught,
To roam rejected from Thy humble birth.
No house nor field enhanced Thy lowly lot;
Poor, Thou hast given riches and great worth.
In life, in death, no dearth
Of love hast Thou declared;
Thy heart hath flamed and flared
With nothing else but love.

    This was strong food, and it was devoured greedily. The aliment
must be nothing but love:

    ‘Thou wast not flesh,’ Jacopone makes Saint Francis break out at
the Divine Lover in the passion of his rebuke:

    Thou wast not flesh, but love, in frame and brain;
Love made Thee man to bear our sins reward.
Thy love required the cross, the world’s disdain. . . .

    All through, the phrases of the great Italian song filled her with
terrible bliss, ecstatic terror. When an anxiety did not of itself come
into her mind, the poem readily suggested it. Her own temper would
have been most likely to have sucked the present sweetness, but the
untractable companion of Saint Francis would not have it thus. He
is full of apprehension. If this little love which, now, at the outset
is vouchsafed to me, so fills all my being, taxes all my strength, how
shall I possibly endure the distention when it grows great, as grow it
must? The smith’s wife saw the force of this question in a manner
outside Jacopone’s anticipation.


    Disregarding dates, hours, lapses of time (she gave little heed; the
Lover dictated season to her and time of day; it was day or night for
her at His bidding, spring or autumn), the time was nigh for the
mysterious birth. It rushed upon her suddenly; there seemed only a
few minutes given her in which to prepare the setting of the astounding
miracle. The historical circumstances were present to her in a flash,
she knew not whence; but the whole incident, the actual details, had
to be animated. She moved about quietly under the sorest stress she
had ever known, while the agitated soul of her seemed to be traversing
space in all directions in the fervour of the moment; she was muttering
to herself over and over again:
In such a deadly swound,
Alas! where am I brought?
Johann Scheffler has shown the nativity in sentences of tenderness
which human speech has poor hope ever to excel, so frail that they
cannot be stirred from the tongue in which they were first set;
Friedrich Spe has expressed physical contact with Christ in words
which swoon upon his lips; the English language holds the pomp and
glory of song in Crashaw’s poem on the circumcision. If these
three masters could be distilled into one and their concentrated sweet-
ness impinged direct upon a sensitive heart, the victim might present
a parallel to the overwhelmed blacksmith’s wife, fallen the most
pitiable heap of flesh. The lamentable workman, the words of the
doctor fresh in his brain (they had gnawed through into every fibre of
it) lifted his wife in his grimed arms; lifted her, a strange contradiction
of terms, into depths. It cannot be told from what vision he aroused her.

    It was frightening to a poor man like the blacksmith to see his wife
consent to be put to bed without a murmur of protest. Even had she
been evidently suffering he would have expected her to deny that
anything was the matter with her, and certainly to refuse to go to bed.
To every inquiry she returned the same blissful smile, of such candid
reassurance that those about her could not believe that she suffered.
The news of the mysterious ailment (which was to end in death) ran
down the street, and unaccustomed women gathered at the clean
bedside, and there remained.

    She now lived in the heights. She had now, as she thought,
transcended all; it had been a long fight to break with such clearly
justifiable habit as that which kept her the slave of the calls of her
house. But love, great love had made wreck of all; love, tyrannical,
had broken down the flesh, even in its purest strongholds :


I have no longer eyes for forms of creatures,
I cry to Him Who doth alone endure;
Though earth and heaven exhaust their varied natures,
Through love their forms are thin and nowise sure;
When I had looked upon His splendid features,
Light of the sun itself was grown obscure.
Cherubim, rare and pure
By knowledge and high thought,
The seraphin, are naught
To him who looks on love.
She no longer waked and slept; night and day alike passed in calm
ecstasy. The Beloved could not leave her any more. Seen by none
of the busybodies at her bedside, she held at will and laid aside within
easy reach the divine Presence come to her with the loving confidence
He had Himself taught her. Locality had ceased to have that vital
importance which it once had; great sense of her individuality
remained, and stronger still was the personality of the divine Lover.
She knew (for ecstasy brought with it supreme knowledge) that her
body lay in sheets, supposed to be lingering and ailing; that it was
given over to the care of hands she knew, to which she gave no heed.
She knew that her kitchen stood untended by its proper guardian; but
love was grown terrible now, she dared not deny it lest it should crush
the universe in despite. The officious woman in the room would bend
her ear to the smiling lips when they moved, to hear, low and sweet
and distinct:
Love, Love, how Thou hast dealt a bitter wound!
I cry for nothing now but love alone.
Love, Love, to Thee I am securely bound;
I can embrace none other than my own.
Love, Love, so strongly hast Thou wrapt me round,
My heart by love for ever overthrown,
For love I am full prone.
Love, but to be with Thee!
O Love, in mercy be
My death, my death of love!

    ‘She is raving!’ But no changeiof expression answered the opinion,
though it was distinctly heard and understood.

    On a given day the number of people passing to and fro began to
increase. The fire was kept more brisk. There was noiseless hurry
going on. She knew quite well that they were preparing for her
death. An extra pillow was put behind her, and not half-an-hou
elapsed before another was added. Then one beckoned another
outside the room, and she supposed that the smith had been sent for.


Not long afterwards, in fact, he arrived. As he came into the room
her lips began to move again.

    ‘She is raving!’ the leading attendant volunteered, not for the first
time that morning. Though the smith had not heard it before, he
rejected the hypothesis with a gesture of disdain. The fact was, that
the dignity of his wife’s appearance filled him with vanity. Not those,
he thought of the women who stood round like birds of prey, none of
those is my wife, but the serene woman propped up with pillows, who
is already half in heaven, on whom I shall set my eyes only once or
twice more. He bent to her face, and heard here and there as a
syllable was accented:
To Love for ever wed,
Love hath united both
Our hearts in perfect troth
Of everlasting love.

    ‘Her head is as clear as mine,’ he said scornfully; ‘she’s no more
raving than you are.’

    ‘What’s she say?’ asked the woman, awed.

    ‘I can’t say it like her.’

    ‘She’s going.’

    ‘Lower her head,’ whispered one. The smith looked savage, as
though he would defend her from molestation with violence. The
women continued to mutter what ought to be done.

    She motioned to raise her hands; the smith took one of them; her
lips moved:
Love, Love, O Jesus, I have reached the port;
Love, Love, O Jesus, whither . . .

                                                                                                JOHN GRAY.

MLA citation:

Gray, John. “Light.” The Pageant, 1897, pp. 113-134. Pageant Digital Edition, edited by Frederick King and Lorraine Janzen Kooistra, 2019-2021. Yellow Nineties 2.0, Ryerson University Centre for Digital Humanities, 2021.